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Home » Languages » African Language

African Language

There are more than 3,000 languages spoken in Africa. Major Language families are

1. Afroasiatic in Middle East, North Africa, Horn of Africa and Sahel

2. Nilo-Saharan in Sudan and Chad

3. Niger-Congo in West, Central, Southeast and Southern Africa

4. Khoe in Namibia and Botswana

5. Austronesian in Madagascar

6. Indo-European in southern tip of the continent.

Official Languages

Besides English, French, Portuguese, Arabic and Spanish the following are the official language by the country

Afroasiatic Group

Main Official Language Country
Arabic Algeria, Comoros, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea,
Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia
Amharic Ethiopia
Berber Morocco, Algeria
Somali Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti
Tigrinya Eritrea


Malagasy Madagascar


Afrikaans South Africa, Namibia


Chichewa Malawi and Zambia
Comorian Comoros
Kinyarwanda Rwanda
Kirundi Burundi
Sesotho Lesotho and South Africa
Setswana/Tswana Botswana and South Africa
Shona, Sindebele Zimbabwe
Sepedi South Africa
Ndebele South Africa
Swahili Tanzania, Kenya, Democratic Republic
of the Congo and Uganda
Swati Swaziland and South Africa
Tsonga South Africa
Venda South Africa
Xhosa South Africa
Zulu South Africa


Sango Central African Republic
Mauritian Creole Mauritius
Seychellois Creole Seychelles

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